Evaluating Information: Home

Why Evaluate?

After finding information that matches the topic and requirements of your research, you need to analyze & evaluate that information.

You need to think critically about the currency, reliability, accuracy, authority, and purpose of your information sources.

Is it "good" information? Does it pass the CRAAP test?

The CRAAP Test

The CRAAP test is a set of criteria to help evaluate information sources:

Criteria Details
Currency
When was it written or last updated?
  • Was the information published or updated within the last 5 years?
  • Is the information still current?
  • Is currency important to the topic?
Relevancy
How useful is the information to your needs?
  • Does the information relate to your topic?
  • Is the information easy to understand, or does it use a lot of unfamiliar words?
  • Is the article long enough to be of use? Is it too brief? If it too long?
Authority
Who is the source of the information?
  • Is there an author listed?
  • Is the author an expert on the topic?
  • Does the author have a bias?
Accuracy
What is the reliability, truthfulness, and correctness of the information?
  • Does the information have citations or footnotes to verify the information provided?
  • Is the text well-written?
  • Is the text free of spelling or grammatical errors?
Purpose
Why does the information exist?
  • What is the purpose of the information? To inform? To persuade? To sell?
  • Does the information contain facts? Or is providing an opinion?